Amylase is an enzyme produced in the pancreas and mouth. It helps digest carbohydrates and turns them into sugar or glucose which provides energy to the body.
There are three types of amylase, but the main type found in humans and animals is the alpha Amylase. Phaseolamin, an inhibitor of alpha amylase, is a potential diet stimulator. It is also used to prevent occupational asthma that often occurs among factory workers.
Found In: Raw fruits and vegetables, raw nuts, legumes, whole grains, and sprouted seeds.
Bifidobacterium Bifidum is the most common probiotic bacteria in the body and is mostly found in the colon and lower intestines. It is also presented in breast milk and in healthy vaginas. These rod-shaped bacteria live together as a group, in pairs, or alone.
Research has shown that Bifidobacterium Bifidum produces natural antibiotics that fight bad bacteria. It also fights off Candida and other yeast overgrowth in the body. Candida is often associated with low levels of Bifidum in the body. Studies also show that synthetic antibiotics can kill Bacterium Bifidum.
Bromelain is an enzyme extracted from pineapple stem. It plays an important role in the digestive process.
Bromelain breaks down protein, especially the complex protein molecules into individual amino acids or small peptide units so the body can easily absorb them.
Bromelain is sometimes used together with a protein called trypsin and/or rutin, a substance found in buckwheat, for arthritis. The combination has improved knee conditions and reduced pain among arthritis patients.
Aside from the pineapple, green papaya also contains a good amount of bromelain.
Endo-pectinase is a combination of methylesterase, with demethylates pectin, and polygalacturonase, which hydrolyzes ą-D-1, 4-galacturonide. This enzyme is known to break down pectin, a type of fiber that can be found in plants. The most common fruits that have a high level of pectin are apple and banana.
Fiber is good for the body but it can also block other minerals and nutrients from being absorbed by the body, due to the fact that the body does not produce these fiber-breaking enzymes, but they are produced by microorganisms that live in the stomach.
Glucoamylase is a type of enzyme found in the digestive system. Amylase is naturally produced in the mouth and pancreas, but can also be found in plants and animals.
Glucoamylase breaks down both α-1,4 and α-1,6 bonds, so the stomach can fully digest the starch found in vegetables and other foods high in carbohydrates, such as potato, bread, and rice. The glucose that is freed from the break down becomes the source of energy for the body.
Lactase is an enzyme that specifically breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose. It assists the digestion of different dairy products, such as milk, butter, and cheese. The body naturally produces lactase in the border of the small intestine.
Aside from mother’s milk, lactase can be produced commercially by extracting it from yeasts, such as Kluyveromyces fragilis, and molds like Aspergillus niger. It is often found in supplements like Lactaid and Lacteeze.
Benefits of LactoseP: The use of lactase to aid the digestion of lactose has been medically proven. However, lactase has multiple other uses, such as reducing gas or bloating, providing balance to the digestive system, and easing discomfort in the digestive tract.
Children with chronic diarrhea and other digestive tract disorders have shown significant improvements after they were given fungal-derived lactase.
Lactobacillus reuteri is a probiotic bacteria that greatly benefits cholesterol levels and gastrointestinal health. This bacteria belongs to a group of bacterias that produces vast amounts of lactic acid in the intestinal tract.
Research shows that a strain of Lactoacillus reuteri called ATCC PTA 6475 could improve oxytocin and testosterone levels. It also shows potential in improving skin health, hair quality, and bone mass. It could also prevent obesity or weight gain.
Fermented foods, such as kimchi and sauerkraut, are good sources of lactobacillus reuteri and other similar probiotics.
Benefits of Lactobacillus Reuteri: Lactobacillus reuteri is used to treat necrotizing colitis, a dangerous gastrointestinal disease affecting infants. It also proves helpful against bowel problems, urinary tract infections, vaginal yeast infection, and eczema.
Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a probiotic bacteria found in the intestine. Probiotics have been known to prevent the growth of harmful bacterias in the stomach and in the intestines. Lactobacillus rhamnosus has been traditionally used to cure and prevent diarrhea among children as well as in colic treatment. It is also used to cope the Crohn's disease, lactose intolerance, and vaginal yeast infections among adults.
Lactobacillus rhamnosus has a wide variety of strains but its core genome contains 2,164 genes, which encode metabolism, carbohydrate transport, biosynthesis, and more.
Since lactobacillus rhamnosus is a probiotic bacteria, it can be mainly found in fermented foods as well as in yogurt, miso soup, and tempeh, a fermented soy product from Indonesia.
Benefits of Rhamnosus: Lactobacillus rhamnoses is effective in treating irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis. It is also effective in preventing diarrhea, especially those who receive chemotherapy treatment or travel to other countries.
Lactobacillus rhamnosus also lowers the risk of lung infections among children. It is also used in boosting the immune system and treating cold sores, indigestion, and high cholesterol.
Lipase is a combination of protease and amylase. It is responsible for breaking down fats so the intestines can easily absorb them. The enzyme hydrolyzes triglycerides into glycerol molecules. Without lipase, our body's triglyceride levels can shoot up, increasing the risks of heart disease.
Lipase is a product of fermented Candida rugosa, an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of triglycerides of simple fatty acid esters, yielding mono- diglycerides, glycerol and free fatty acids.
The best sources of lipase are the raw, unheated, unrefined fats and oils, such as coconut, egg yolk, avocado, cream, and more.
Benefits of Lipase: People suffering from Celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, and irritable bowel syndrome greatly benefit from lipase. The enzyme reduces bloating, gas, and feelings of fullness.
Lipase also promotes good cardiovascular health and boosts nutrition absorption. Research has shown that lipase could aid in weight loss since its main function is breaking down fats.
Found In: Natural form of fats and oils.
Maltase is one of the enzymes that takes an important part in the digestive process. It is responsible for breaking down disaccharide maltose into glucose molecules which the body needs for energy. Maltase can be found in our mouths and in the lining of Intestinal walls. The enzyme helps other enzymes to break down complex sugars and starches so the body can easily digest them.
Benefits of Maltase: Maltase is used to help children with autism spectrum disorder since they have low amounts of maltase In their bodies. By supplementing maltase levels among autistic children, it alleviates the symptoms of chronic irritation of the stomach, duodenum, and esophagus. Maltase also helps reduce chronic diarrhea, cramping, excess gut mucosal secretions, and abdominal distension in children. Fungal-derived maltase improves digestive and gastrointestinal health of children suffering from challenging digestive conditions.
Protease is a proteolytic or systemic enzyme which helps break down proteins during digestion. There are different types of protease which has different methods of breaking the peptide bonds.
Protease has also been used in different types of therapy and has shown great benefits in inflammations, immune system, and oncology.
Proteolytic enzymes are not only helpful in digesting food but also in flushing out the cell walls of harmful organisms in the body. They also break down cellular debris, toxins, and undigested proteins that are not needed so that the immune system can function properly.
Like bromelain, papaya and pineapple are the best sources of protease. Whole grains, especially sourdough breads, are high in proteolytic enzyme.
Benefits of Protease: Protease is beneficial in disease management and prevention. Studies show that protease reduces problems in the colon as well as stop or slow down irritation by neutralizing the biochemicals that are associated with it.
Protease has also been found to aid skin cell regeneration in skin burns and stomach ulcers. It also releases amino acids that are important for gut flora.
The proteolytic enzymes also help to clean the lymph and circulatory systems free from organic debris. There are also some types of protease that can improve blood flow.